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PUBLICATIONS / Policy Briefs
New Calculation Methods for 2016-­‐‑2020 Electric Vehicles (EVs) Subsidies were Adjusted in December 2016
Pursuant to the national effort to accelerate adoption of New Energy Vehicles (NEV) and favorable tax and license plate exemption policies published periodically since 2014, the Ministry of Finance, National Reform and Development Commission, Ministry of Information Technology and Ministry of Science and Technology published the revised version of the National 2016-2020 Electric Vehicle Range Based Subsidy in December 2016 (previous draft version as released in April 2015). The new subsidy's major highlights and calculations are provided in this useful policy brief.
China Light-duty Vehicle Fuel Economy Label standard and management update(October 2016 / Clean Transportation Program)
China's "Fuel consumption label for light vehicle" (GB 22757), aimed at enhancing consumers' fuel efficiency and fuel cost saving awareness and enforced as of July 2009, underwent revisions led by the Auto Standard Research Institute, operating under China Automotive Technology and Research Center (CATRAC). The new draft standard has recently entered the Standards Administration Council (SAC) final approval process. The new label standard includes not only ICE fuel consumption information, but also NEVs electricity consumption, and emphasised the test-cycle urban FC, as introduced in this policy brief.
New Local Regulations Aimed at Guiding Car-sharing Development(October 2016 / Clean Transportation Program)
On July 28th, 2016, China's Ministry of Transportation (MOT) released the online car network service regulation, meant to enter into implementation on Nov. 1st, 2016. As the implementation date approaches, several cities released additional local online car network service regulations. On October 8th, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen spontaneously released their draft regulation, aimed at further directing the types of vehicles allowed to be part of the urban online car network service. The new eligibility requirements for both driver and vehicle are outlined in this brief, as well as some of their projected implications.
Corporate Average Fuel Consumption and New Energy Vehicles Credits Joint Management Method Draft(August 2016 / Clean Transportation Program)
In August 21st, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) released its plan for CAFC credits and NEV credits management, under the CAFC standard system. This draft was long awaited for, at least since China has announced its intention to consider the ZEV-­‐‑credits regulation adaptation to China as part of the US-­‐‑China Climate Change Dialogue in September 2015. The CAFC credits mechanism will enter into effect after the release of the final regulation; the NEV credits mechanism is planned to be implemented as of 2018. This short brief stresses the highlights of the draft.

New Energy Vehicles: New Calculation Methods for Electric Vehicle Subsidies 2016-2020(May 2016 / Clean Transportation Program)

Pursuant to the national effort to accelerate adoption of New Energy Vehicles (NEV) and favorable tax and license plate exemption policies published since 2013, the Ministry of Finance, National Reform and Development Commission, Ministry of Information Technology and Ministry of Science and Technology published the revised version of the National 2016-2020 Electric Vehicle Range Based Subsidy in April 2015. At our readers' request, major modification from the previous subsidy calculation are highlighted in the attached brief. 
China could benefit from the development of market-based policies for enhancing New Energy Vehicles commercialization: The California ZEV-Credits option (May 2015 / Clean Transportation Program)

Although China’s EV market started later than that of California, it enjoys huge market potential: national strategic plans and financial support, battery production capacity and advancements, rich lithium-ion resources and rare earth materials, fast development pace, and existing relations (JVs) with global EV manufacturers. At this stage, China's electric vehicle policies are mainly demand-side driven (e.g. purchase subsidies and tax reliefs); however with a lack of an attractive supply side “push” and effective infrastructure plans and management, the EV market may remain a niche market. A long-term and well enforced ZEV mandate is projected to promote the manufacturing of EVs by all types of automakers, therefore providing consumers with more EV model options to meet the varying expectations and needs. Coupled with demand-side “pull” for the short term, the EV market can finally scale in volumes.

2014 China Passenger Cars Corporate Average Fuel Consumption Brief (April 2015 / Clean Transportation Program)
On March 31, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) posted China’s 2014 annual corporate average fuel consumption (CAFC) of passenger car manufacturers on their official website, as reported by the companies themselves. The announcement included scores reported by 91 domestic car makers and 31 car importers, and 5 companies was criticized for not reporting their CAFC score on time. iCET analyzed the scores announced by MIIT in order to keep track of market development. This briefing presents this analysis results.  
China Fuel Consumption Standard Phase IV Implementation Workshop Highlights (January 2015 / Clean Transportation Program)

China’s two Phase IV standard (entering into force in 2016) drafts "Fuel consumption limits for passenger cars" (GB 19578-2014) and “Fuel consumption evaluation methods and indicators for passenger cars" (GB27999-2014), composed under the leadership of China Automotive Technology Research Center (CATARC), has recently undergone review by the National Standards Committee “green channel”. The committee approved the final standards version on December 22nd 2014 and held an official announcement on January 21st in Beijing. iCET’s project manager and iCET’s annual CAFC reports lead author, Ms. Kang Liping, was invited to attend the event. This briefing will provide our English readers with some of the event highlights.

New Energy Vehicles (NEVs): Calculation Methods for Electric Vehicle Subsidies 2016-2020 (December 2014 / Clean Transportation Program)
Pursuant to the national effort to accelerate adoption of New Energy Vehicles (NEV) and favorable tax and license plate exemption policies published earlier this year, the Ministry of Finance, National Reform and Development Commission, Ministry of Information Technology and Ministry of Science and Technology published a draft of the National 2016-2020 Electric Vehicle Range Based Subsidy on December 26th, calling for comments by January 30th, 2014. The new draft would replace the current subsidy calculation method that came into effect on October 2013. The highlights of the new draft are described here, as well as comparison to the current susbsidy calculation method.

New Energy Vehicles Commercialization Plan: Regional Pressures, Small Vehicles Performance and a National Transferability Example (November 2014 / Clean Transportation Program)

Following the State Council’s new guideline for advancing the commercialization of New Energy Vehicles (NEV), MIIT and six other ministries have jointly published the first batch of 17 passenger NEV models eligible for purchase tax exemption in September and the second batch of 28 more eligible passenger NEV models in October 2014. The first list represented 56% of passenger NEVs (pure and hybrid electric vehicles) produced in September, while the combined list (see Table 1) comprised 84% of NEVs produced in October. Interestingly, while NEVs (passenger and other) production pace in September was 11 times that of the previous year reaching 10,113 (of which 35% were passenger Pure Electric Vehicles, PEVs), October saw a sharp increase of 24 times the production volume compared to the same month in the previous year but with a total volume of only 5,685 NEVs (of which 40% were passenger PEVs).


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